Francisco de Goya (1704-1828) is one of the most important artists of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Goya's works reflect his conscious individuality in relation to a rapidly changing world, especially during Spain's conflicts with France. In October 1808, Goya was called to war-torn Saragossa early in the Peninsula War to paint Spain's triumphant efforts over the invading French armies. He recorded the death and destruction he observed there in numerous drawings and small paintings. From theses sketches, Goya created the 82 plates that compose his famous Disasters of War series.